**Under the Cup**

*How can you work out how many beans are under Digit Dog’s cup?*

*Explain how you know.*

*Convince me you’re right.*

*How do you think Calculating Cat used the 5-frame to help her work it out?*

*What if Digit Dog had 3 beans on top? How many would be underneath?*

**Play** Under the Cup

Each player has a cup and 5 beans and takes turns to hide some of their beans under their cup.

Everyone closes their eyes and Player 1 puts some beans on top of their cup and some underneath. Everyone opens their eyes and Player 1 says “I have 5 beans altogether. I have ….beans on top of my cup. How many are hidden?” The other players work out how many beans are under the cup and explain how they know. *Convince me that you’re right.*

Encourage learners to visualise the beans under the cup. **How many more do you need to make 5?**

Use the 5-frames to help children begin to visualise. They need an **action** and an **image** before they can work out this problem mentally.

**Step 1**

Move the beans from the top of the cup and put them on the frame and say how many more are needed to make 5.

**Step 2**

Have the frame in front of learners but visualise the beans on it rather than actually move them. Imagine that the beans are moving. Describe what you can “see”.

**Step 3**

Remove the frame but visualise it. Visualise the frame and moving the beans onto it.

Use Numicon shapes in the same way as the frames to help visualise the problem.