Posted in Additive relationships, Calculating, Logical reasoning, Making totals

Finding pairs

Digit Dog and Calculating Cat are using one set of digit cards 1 – 10 and looking for pairs that make 10.

Screenshot 2020-06-15 09.32.44

Download a set of digit cards here. You will need cards 1 to 10. Print double-sided to have Digit Dog on the back!

Download a baseboard here. Print two.

How many pairs that make 10 can you make? Put the cards on the baseboard.

Can you use all the cards? Which cards are left over? Why?

Try making some other totals – remember you can only use one set of cards from 1 – 10.

What if you make 9? Which cards are left over? Why?

What about 8?  or 12?  or 13?  or 11? Investigate the number of pairs and the cards that you cannot use.

Record your work. Write down the pairs of numbers and their totals.

 

Posted in Calculating, Logical reasoning, Making totals

Making totals

Digit Dog and Calculating Cat are using 4 bottletop bugs (or you can use digit cards) to make different totals.

make totals with bugs.png

They have got the 2, 3, 4 and 8 bugs.  They have made two totals already and are wondering how many more they can make.

What totals can you make? Which bugs are you using?

How are you going to record what you have done? With a drawing? With a number sentence?

Can you make these totals:

9

10

11

13

14

15

How will you know when you have found all the possible totals?

Can you record your work in a systematic way?

What if…………

…………you choose a different 4 bugs / numbers and do the same thing?

 

 

Posted in Calculating, Making totals

Making more tens

Another way to investigate making 10 with 2 numbers using the bottletop bugs. Download the board here.

Making ten bugs

Can you record the pairs that you have found?

You could also use the number pebbles to do the activity.

making ten pebbles

Try turning the pebbles face down. Turn them over one at a time and decide where to place them on the board.

Posted in Calculating, Fluency, Making totals, Strategic competence

Making tens

bottletop bugs add to 10

What do you think? How many pairs of numbers can you find to make 10? How do you know you have found all the pairs?

What if………….

…….you looked for 3 numbers which, added together, make 10?

…….you looked for numbers with a difference of 1? What do you notice?

…….you made up some of your own questions?

You can do this activity by making some bottletop bugs. Collect milk bottle tops, draw some eyes and then number them 0 – 10

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or draw spots from 0 – 10

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or you can use digit cards (download here)

or write numbers on bits of paper

or you can make some number pebbles like these.

number pebbles 2

Posted in Calculating, Games, Logical reasoning, Making totals

Which Square?

How to play Which Square?

A game for 2 players.

You need:

A game board (download here), two dice and 12 counters for each player.

Rules:

  • Each player puts their counters on the board. They can put them on any number and more than one counter on a number if they wish.
  • Players take turns to throw 2 dice and to add the two numbers. If they have a counter on the total they have thrown, they can take it off. If they have more than one counter on the total, they just remove one.
  • The winner is the first to remove all 12 counters.

Digit Dog and Calculating Cat are playing the game. They both think that they will win. What do you think?

Which square

Look at where they have placed their counters. Who do you think will win? Why do you think that?

When you are playing the game do you notice that you get some totals more than others?

Which numbers are the best to put your counters on? Are there any numbers you don’t want to put your counters on? Can you explain why you think that?

Play the game a few times to see if your ideas work.

Posted in Calculating, Making totals, Number sense

Using Numicon® to explore equivalences

equivalent shapes

The idea of equal value is fundamental to mathematical understanding. Children need to understand that the “=” symbol means “equal value” and not “here is the answer”.

Ask:

How can you make the scales balance?

Which Numicon® shape could go in the pan balance?

Screenshot 2019-11-11 10.43.28

What about this one?

How are you going to solve it? Explain your thinking.

What if ………..you changed the shapes?

 

Now using numerals.

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Can you model this with the pan balance and Numicon® shapes?

What’s the missing number? Explain how you know. Record the sentence.

Make up some of your own.

Make sets of problems like this to put with a pan balance in your enhanced provision.

Posted in Calculating, Making totals, Numicon

Using Numicon® to find pairs that make 10…..again

Balancing 10

Numicon® shapes are weighted and so are the perfect resource for exploring equivalences. Make sure that learners have had the opportunity to play with the scales and the shapes before doing the challenge.

Ask:

How are you going to record what you have found?

Learners might:

  1. Use the shapes and an equals sign (download here) as a record. Ask children to explain what they have done. Ask:

Are all the pairs different?

How do you know that your pair of shapes are equal to 10?

Screenshot 2019-10-17 18.09.55

 

2. Use a pan balance working board (download here) to record the shapes on.

Screenshot 2019-10-17 18.10.54

3. Select a written number sentence (download here) that matches their shapes.

Screenshot 2019-10-17 18.33.40

4. Record in their own way.

5. Record number sentences.

Posted in Making totals, Numicon

Using Numicon® to find pairs that make 10

Digit Dog is looking for two Numicon® shapes that are equal to the 10 shape. Calculating Cat is challenging him to find another two shapes, and then another two, and then another two.

Making 10 with Numicon

 

Find one example, then another, then another, then one your friend hasn’t found is a good strategy to encourage learners to use their reasoning skills. Once they have found one pair of shapes challenge them to find another pair, ask:

Is this pair different?

How will you know when you have found all the pairs?

How are you going to record your work?

Look at the pairs that your friend has found. Are they the same? Different?

Are there any shapes you haven’t used? Why?

Encourage learners to check their pairs by putting them on the 10 shape.

Screenshot 2019-09-26 17.48.19Screenshot 2019-09-26 17.48.11

Can you put your pairs of shapes in order?

Why can’t you use the 5 shape?

What if……….

You choose three shapes to total 10? How many ways can you do it?

 

 

Posted in Making totals

Find a pair of cards that make 10, and another, and another……..

Digit Dog and Calculating Cat are finding pairs of digit cards that make 10.

Digit Dog has found two cards that total 10. Calculating Cat is challenging him to find another two cards, and then another two, and then another two.

Making 10

 

Find one example, then another, then another, then one your friend hasn’t found is a good strategy to encourage learners to use their reasoning skills. Once they have found one pair of cards challenge them to find another pair, ask:

Is this pair different?

How will you know when you have found all the pairs?

How are you going to record your work?

Look at the pairs that your friend has found. Are they the same? Different?

Look for learners who:

  • are systematic when looking for all the pairs that make 10.
  • can explain how they know they have found all the pairs.
  • are looking for patterns.
  • can organise their work.

What if……….

You choose three digit cards to total 10? How many ways can you do it?

Download a set of Digit Dog’s 0 – 9 cards here  Print double-sided to have DIgit Dog on the back!

Download a baseboard here

Posted in combinations, Easter, Making totals, Money

Coin combinations

Buying an egg

Screenshot 2019-04-08 16.30.42

Digit Dog has bought a chocolate egg for 50p. He paid for it using silver coins. Which coins do you think he used? Which coins did he definitely not use? Why?

How many different ways do you think he could pay? Convince me that you have found all the different ways. Explain your thinking.

What is the least number of coins he could use? What is the most?

What if…………..

……..Digit Dog bought something for 50p, 75p, £1……..any amount you like?

……..he could use any coins? How many ways to pay would there be then?

Make up some questions like this for your friends.

 

 

Posted in 2-sided beans, Making totals, Visualising

Two-sided beans – Under the Cup

Under the Cup

beans under cup

How can you work out how many beans are under Digit Dog’s cup?

Explain how you know.

Convince me you’re right.

How do you think Calculating Cat used the 5-frame to help her work it out?

What if Digit Dog had 3 beans on top? How many would be underneath?

 

Play Under the Cup

Each player has a cup and 5 beans and takes turns to hide some of their beans under their cup.

Everyone closes their eyes and Player 1 puts some beans on top of their cup and some underneath. Everyone opens their eyes and Player 1 says “I have 5 beans altogether. I have ….beans on top of my cup. How many are hidden?” The other players work out how many beans are under the cup and explain how they know. Convince me that you’re right.

Encourage learners to visualise the beans under the cup. How many more do you need to make 5?

Use the 5-frames to help children begin to visualise. They need an action and an image before they can work out this problem mentally.

Step 1

Move the beans from the top of the cup and put them on the frame and say how many more are needed to make 5.

beans under cup 2

Step 2

Have the frame in front of learners but visualise the beans on it rather than actually move them. Imagine that the beans are moving. Describe what you can “see”.

Step 3

Remove the frame but visualise it. Visualise the frame and moving the beans onto it.

Screenshot 2018-03-07 13.26.18

 

Use Numicon shapes in the same way as the frames to help visualise the problem.

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IMG_1583.jpg

 

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Download the challenge card here